Amir-e-Tarriqat Hadhrat Khawja Baha-ud-din Naqshband
Prominent figures in the history of Uzbekistan
For many centuries there has been a popular belief that there, where noble Bukhara is the heavenly light, shedding on all Muslim cities, in the shape of column towering up to the sky is the land blessed by Allah and sacred places make the light shine. Muslims believe that 33 thousand true believers found their last resting place in this blessed land. The most revered sacred place in the area is the burial site of Amir-e-Tarriqat Hadhrat Khawja Baha-ud-din Naqshband.
Amir-e-Tarriqat Hadhrat Khawja Baha-ud-din Naqshband (Bahauddin Naqshband, Bahovutdin Nakshbandy) was a prominent representative of Central Asian Sufism. He had been under the religious influence of Sufis since his childhood. Numerous scientific investigations on Sufis and Sufism have been completed in many languages. In much of the research it is stated that Sufism has its roots in different beliefs and philosophies. Sufism is a form of Muslim asceticism propagating love towards one's neighbors, towards the deprived. Sufis devote all their life to worshiping Allah. Such was the life of Bahovutdin Nakshbandy. Many miracles and legends are connected with his name. He is described in the book "Tarih-i-Bahoutdin" and other works. However there is little biographical and documentary information on him.
Bahovutdin Nakshbandy was born about 700 years ago (in 1318) in Kasr-i-Hinduvan village near Bukhara (and he died there in 1389 aged 71). His father was a weaver and a metal worker.
Like his father, Amir-e-Tarriqat Hadhrat Khawja Baha-ud-din Naqshband, he became a weaver as well, and his silk fabric with golden and silver threads was very popular. If translated "Nakshband" is "a chaser". That's why Bahovutdin Nakshbandy is considered to be the protector of craftsmen and their handicrafts, especially if they have something to do with making decorative patterns. In Uzbekistan the variety of patterns is seen everywhere: on materials, clothes, walls of houses (engraving on plaster and wooden doors).
The Samarkand and Bukhara patterns made on copper surfaces, jewelry, and Bukhara embroidery are world-famous.
Amir-e-Tarriqat Hadhrat Khawja Baha-ud-din Naqshband's father was an ardent Muslim, providing an example for his son. The grandfather, having a close relationship with the Sufis, profoundly influenced his grandson's spiritual growth. According to the legend, Amir-e-Tarriqat Hadhrat Khawja Baha-ud-din Naqshband was forced to marry at the age of 17. But after his first child was born he stopped considering his wife as such, without divorcing her, and went on living with her as his sister. This decision was made under the influence of the idea of Sufism that marriage is not necessary for those devoting themselves to God.
What else is known about Bahovutdin Nakshbandy? He lived all his life in Bukhara and its environs. He made the hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca) twice. He earned his daily bread by his own work. He never had servants.
His tomb is 10 km from Bukhara. A mausoleum was built over it in 1544, and since then it's been a place of pilgrimage.
About Naqshbandi Sufi order. Eleven Principles by Naqshbandi