Combined tour in Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China and Turkmenistan (24 days)
Historical & architectural tourism among the major cities of Central Asia

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Duration: 24 days, 23 nights
Kind of route: airway tour and motor coach
Accommodation: Single/Double in hotels
Description: Travel around Central Asia. Tour package consists of a combination of historical and architectural components.

Travel itinerary: Tashkent - Urgench - Khuva - Bukhara - Aydarkul lake (yurt camp) - Samarkand - Shahrizabs - Samarkand - Tashkent - Fergana - Kokand - Margilan - Fergana - Osh - Sary-Tash - Irkeshtam - Kashgar - Turpan - Ashgabat

Day 1: Tashkent
Arrival to Tashkent with the flight TK 1368 at 05:05. Meeting at the airport and transfer to the hotel. Rest after a long flight. Breakfast. Rest after a long flight. Afternoon city tour: "New Tashkent Television Tower" - the highest in Central Asia - 375 m, "Memorial to the Victims of Repression" - the memorial complex and museum, "Monument of Courage"- the epicenter of the Tashkent earthquake of 1966 (1976). Old part of the city: the architectural complex Khazret-Imam incl. necropolis of imam Abu Bakr Muhammad al-Kaffal Shashi who was one of the first Muslim imams and a famous prophet and poet (16th c.), Barak-khan Madrassah - built by Suyunidj-khan - the first ruler of the Uzbek dynasty of the Sheibanid's (16th c.), "Tellya Sheikh Madrassah" also called "Khast Imom Mosque" where Osman Quran - the world's oldest - is kept (19th c.), "Mui-Mubarak Madrassah" (19th c.), Imam Ismail al Bukhari Islamic Institute - a two year post-Madrassah academy, "Hadra" square, Kukeldash Madrassah ("Foster brother") - was built by Kukekdash - the vizier of the Tashkent khans (16th c.), Juma Mosque (15-19th cc.) - the third biggest mosque in Uzbekistan. First night in hospitable Uzbekistan.

Day 2: Urgench - Khiva
Breakfast in the hotel. Transfer to airport for morning flight to Urgench. Arrival in Urgench - the administration centre of Khorezm region. Transfer to Khiva - the only "Museum under the open sky" in Central Asia that has been completely preserved up to the present day (35 km, 30 min). Accommodation in a hotel, located inside or nearby Ichan-Qala" - the historical center of Khiva which has been inscribed into the UNESCO World Heritage List. City tour around the architectural complex "Ichan-Qala" (12-19th cc.): Kunya-Ark khan's castle - the inner citadel of Ichan-Qala (16-17th cc.), Kalta Minor Tower (Short minaret) that would have become the biggest and tallest minaret in Central Asia (19th c.), Muhammad Amin-Khan - the biggest medieval Madrassah in Khiva (1845-1855 yy.), Djuma Mosque with 212 wooden columns and a minaret 32,5 m height (10th c.), Tash-Hauli (Stone courtyard) palace looking like a fortress with a high battlements, towers and fortified gates (19th c.), Ak-Mosque (White Mosque) - a small quarter mosque by the gates of Palvan-Darvaza (1838-1842), necropolis of Pahlavan Mahmud - the cultic center of Ichan-Qala (1810-1913 yy.), residence of Islam Khodja (1910 y) - the vizier of last khan. Ensemble consists of the smallest Madrassah in Khiva and a minaret whose top platform has a height of 45 m and is the highest observation point in town.

Day 3: Bukhara
Breakfast. Transfer to Bukhara via the Kizil-Kum desert along the Caravan road (480 km, 5-7 hrs). Arrival in Sacred Bukhara - one of the most esteemed cities of Islamic civilization. Hotel accommodation. Free time for rest and walking through the old streets of Bukhara. One of the "1000 and 1 nights" in Bukhara.

Day 4: Bukhara
Breakfast. City tour: mausoleum of the Samanids - the most ancient brick building in Central Asia, a masterpiece of world architecture (9-10th c.), the mausoleum of Chashma Ayub that belongs to esteemed "places of trace" left by saints (14th c). The legend says that once the bible prophet Job (Ayub) visited this place. Visit to the museums of Imam Al Bukhari and "The Museum of Water". Bolo-Houz Mosque - the only monument of medieval Bukhara (beg. of 20th c), Ark - the center of Bukhara statehood (4th c BC), silk carpet shops, complex Poi Kalon ("Beneath the Great"): Kalyan Minaret - the main symbol of sacred Bukhara that symbolized authority and power of spiritual governors. (12th c), Kalyan Mosque - its area of 130 x 80 m surpasses Bibi-Khanym mosque in Samarkand, Miri Arab Madrassah - active madrassah is one of the most esteemed spiritual Islamic universities (16th c), Taki Zargaron - the dome of jewelers (15-16th cc), Ulugbeg Madrassah - one of the 3 madrassahs constructed by grandson of Tamerlan - Ulugbeg (15th c), Abdulaziz-khan Madrassah - a traditional madrassah with 2 floors of hudjras and a mosque on the central axis ( mid. of 17th c), Tim of Abdullah-Khan madrassah (1588-1590), atlas shops, Magoki-Attari Mosque - the most ancient mosque in Bukhara (12th c) is considered a masterpiece of Bukhara architecture, Khanaka and madrassah of Nadir Divan-Beghi - a massive rectangular structure that was a place for the refuge and meditation of Sufis (17th c), Kukeldash Madrassah (16th c) - one of the biggest Bukhara madrassah, Lyabi-Hauz ensemble - the largest artificial reservoir of medieval Bukhara - is very popular among travelers (14-17th cc), Chor Minor ("Four minarets") is an unusual madrassah built by Caliph Niyazkul (18th c). Overnight in a quiet and cozy Bukhara hotel.

Day 5: Bukhara
Breakfast. Tour outside the city: Emir's Summer Residence Sitorai Mokhi-Khosa (19th c.), memorial necropolises Chor Bakr (10th c.), visit to the Bakhouddin Nakshbandi mausoleum (16-19th cc.), to the sepulchers of his mother and his preceptor (14th c.). Return to Bukhara. Free time for rest and walking through the old streets of Bukhara. Overnight in a quiet and cozy Bukhara hotel.

Day 6: Nurata
Breakfast. Transfer to yurt camp. Accommodation in traditional Kazakh yurts with all the necessary equipment: showers, kitchen etc. Lunch. Experience sandy landscapes, the flora and fauna of the Kyzil-kum desert. In the evening learn how to ride camels. Dinner around the fire with Kazakh akin singing. Overnight in Silk Road's traditional style.

Day 7: Aydarkul lake - Samarkand
Breakfast. Drive to Aydarkul lake. Fishing, picnicking. Return to the yurts. Camel riding or relaxing in the peaceful atmosphere of the desert. Transfer to Samarkand. Arrival and hotel accommodation. Overnight in Samarkand.

Day 8: Samarkand
Breakfast. City tour: Gur Emir Mausoleum - Tamerlan's tomb (14-15th c.) that was built for Temur's grandson Muhammad-Sultan and the tombs of three other Temurids - sons of Temur - Miranshah and Shahruh and his grandson Ulugbek, Ruhabad Mausoleum ("House of Spirit") - the legend says that under the dome there is a box with seven hairs of Prophet Muhammad (14th c.), Registan Square ("A sandy place") - the major square of Samarkand: Ulugbeg Madrassah - Sheikh Khodja Akhrar and poet Djami were among outstanding graduates of the Madrassah (15th c.), Sher-Dor Madrassah ("Having tigers") (17th c.), Tillya-Kari Madrassah ("Coated by gold") - the rich gilding on the dome, walls and mihrab surpassed all other famous buildings in Central Asia (17th c.). The mosque named after Hazret-Hyzr - an Islamic saint and eternal wanderer. He was esteemed as giving richness and good luck in far voyages and trade (19th c.), cathedral mosque Bibi-Khanym that was named after the oldest wife of Tamerlan (14th c.), the architectural complex Shahi-Zinda (Alive king) - necropolis on the slope of the Afrosiab hill is connected with Kusam ibn Abbas - the cousin of Prophet Muhammad (11-15th c), Siab bazaar. Free time to spend at leisure. Overnight in the capital of Tamerlane's Empire.

Day 9: Samarkand
Breakfast. This day you will visit: Siab bazaar, taste the best Samarkand bread and fruits, excavations and museum of the ancient city of Afrosiab, mausoleum of Khodja Daniyar - the legend associates him with the Koran' and Biblical prophet Daniyar (Daniel) whose remains were brought here by Tamerlan, memorial complex of the outstanding Sunni theologian Imam Mukhammad al-Bukhari (died in 870) and the biggest observatory of the 15th c. built by Ulugbeg. Free time to spend at leisure. Overnight in one of the most ancient cities in the world.

Day 10: Shakhrisabz
Breakfast. Transfer to Shakhrisabz - a unique monument of town-planning and architecture (90 km, 1.5 hrs). Shakhrisabz tour: ruins of "Ak-Saray Palace" - Tamerlan's summer residence that shocked the imagination of contemporaries (14-15th c), "Jahongir Mausoleum" - mausoleum of Tamerlan's eldest and favourite son (14th c), complex "Dor-ut Saodat": "Khazratiy Imam Mosque" - the multi-stage mosque with domical hall with decorated ayvans (14th c), "Gumbazi-Seiidan" - mausoleum of possible offspring's of Temur, "Kok Gumbaz Mosque" ("Blue dome") - was built by Ulugbek on behalf of his farther Shahruh (15th c). The Golden Road to the historical town of Samarkand - a crossroad of the world's cultures. Overnight in Samarkand.

Day 11: Tashkent
Breakfast. Morning transfer to Tashkent (315 km, 5 hrs). Arrival and accommodation in the hotel. Continuation of city tour in Tashkent: Chorsu - oriental bazaar, "National park", Abdulkasim Madrassah now is the centre for traditional arts with attractive souvenirs by local artisans (19th c). Free time to walk around Tashkent; see its beautiful squares and fountains, visit museums and galleries, and the Tashkent Subway - one of the most beautiful in the world. Overnight in Tashkent.

Day 12: Fergana Valley
Breakfast. Transfer to the Fergana Valley (417 km, 4.5 hrs) via Kokand. City tour: Palace of Khudoyar-khan (1870), Gishtlik Mosque (1913), Djami Mosque and Minaret (1809-1812), Kamol-Kazy Madrasseh (the middle of the 19th c.), Mulkabad Mosque (1913), Miyen-Hazrat Madrasseh (the end of the 18th c.), Dahman-Shakhon and Madirakhan Necropolis (early 19th c.). Afternoon arrival to Fergana. Hotel accommodation. Overnight in Fergana.

Day 13: Fergana
Breakfast. Fergana Valley tour: visit to the Rishtan pottery workshop, Margilan city - visits to the ceramic workshop of Rustam Usmanov and the Yodgorlik silk factory. Return to Fergana. Overnight in Fergana.

Day 14: Fergana - Osh
Breakfast. Transfer to the border Uzbekistan - Kyrgyzstan. Meeting on the border. Transfer to the hotel and accommodation.

Day 15: SS of Osh
Breakfast. SS Osh (Suleiman mountain, Bobur's house, Historical museum, Osh bazaar). Overnight in Osh.

Day 16: Osh - Sary-Tash
Breakfast. Osh - Sary-Tash (195 km). Overnight in yurts or in private house of local people.

Day 17: Sary-Tash - Irkeshtam
Transfer from Sary-Tash to Irkeshtam (80 km). Meet at Irkashtam Pass, drive to Kashgar. Overnight in Kashgar.

Day 18: Kashgar
Breakfast. Full day SS of Kashgar.

Day 19: Kashgar - Urumqi
Visit to Sunday Market, old streets of Kashgar, village at its surrounding etc, late afternoon flight to Urumqi, transfer to Grand Xinjiang.

Day 20: Urumqi - Turpan - Urumqi
Drive to Turpan directly (200km),PM visit to Jiaohe and grape valley.

Day 21: Urumqi - Ashgabat
Visit to Bezaklik Buddha caves, Gaochang (Idikut) ancient ruins then drive back to Urumqi, to take the evening flight from Urumchi to Ashgabat CSN - 6015 22.30-23.15. Arrival in Ashgabat at 23.15 by CSN 6015 flight. Border passing and customs formalities. Transfer to hotel. Accommodation and Rest.

Day 22: Ashgabat
Morning drive to visit: Kow Ata Underground Lake (it is around 110 km and takes about 1,5 hours direct driving) where it is possible to swim at all time of the year (Some information about underground lake: Size of cave: length 250 m, depth 60 m, average width 25 m. Size of lake: length 75 m, max. width 23 m, max. depth 14 m. Volume of the lake - 6500 cubic meter, Temperature of the water 35 degrees annually). En route stop to visit: Turkmenbashy Ruhy Mosque which is the biggest mosque in Central Asia and Mausoleum Complex of the tombs of Turkmenbashy and his parents with his brothers, Saparmyrat Khadji Mosque built in Geokdepe Fortress (In the Geokdepe historical and cultural center 3 independent zones are distinguished: inside the fortress-memorial zone to hold rituals, outside the fortress-public zone for serving guests, pilgrims, travelers and archaeological zone-places of excavations and excursions. In its turn, memorial zone is divided into 2 parts. The first part is a large park, laid out in traditions of an ancient Central Asian gardens (Tchar-Bag) with canals, rituals grounds, alley of heroes and main square, in the center of which there will be a monument to defenders of the fortress. The second part of the memorial zone is an architectural ensemble, which consists of a mosque, buildings of medresse and local historical museum with a picture, demonstrating a heroic defense of Geokdepe in January,1881. After Kow Ata drive back to Ashgabat via Geokdere and Julge valleys of Kopetdag Mountains to have a close impression of the mountains and new projects of government to turn Geokdere Valley into net of luxurious resort centers of Turkmenistan (it is around 190km and takes 2 hours direct driving). Arrival and proceed with SS of Ashgabat includes: New Park dedicated to Akhalteke horses - the pride of Turkmen, Arch of Neutrality, Presidential Square, Gulistan Bazar, Monument of Lenin which was erected in 1927 and survived the earthquake of 1948, Ertogrul Ghazy Mosque.
*Passports with 2 colored photos should be left at the hotel for registration at the CTB.

Day 23: Ashgabat
Full Day SS of Ashgabat includes: Ashgabat's famous Oriental Bazar - Jygyldyk (Tolkuchka in Russian-open on Thursdays, Saturdays and Sundays) where it is sold almost everything: camels (Sundays only), carpets (Sundays only), cars (Sundays only) and etc. where is possible to find plenty of souvenirs such as carpets, aladjas, handcrafts, felts, embroideries, jewelers (Thursdays, Saturdays and Sundays only) and etc. It is also one of the best places to meet face-to-face with Turkmen culture and people. After Bazar proceed with SS of: Old Nissa - The Sanctuary of Parhian Kings (Nissa is situated in 15 km to the west of Ashgabat and founded in the III century B.C. Nissa was the capital of Parthian Empire which lasted for about 600 years and was the biggest competitor for the Rome Empire. Here there were the palace and temple buildings, the depositories and the treasury of the Parthian Kings. During the Old Nissa excavations the monumental constructions are exposed-the temples (round and tower). Taking into consideration the great scientific-cultural meaning, the site of the ancient town is declared the historical-cultural preserve. Recently it was inscribed at the World Heritages Book by the UNESCO.), Health Path of Turkmenbashy built on the mountains, National Museum of History and Ethnography for extra entry cost paid directly (it is highly recommendable to visit that museum after an Old Nissa excursion), Monument of Independency and Ruhnama.

Day 24: Ashgabat
Departure to Istambul with the flight TK1363 at 04:10, good bye to the wonderful Central Asia land, back to monotony with the intention of returning.

We hope you like the program and assure you that we are absolutely open to any suggestions to increase the range of our services for the complete satisfaction of our clients and are happy to meet your special requirements.

You can alter duration of the tour and places of visit by adding one of the extensions. Our tour operator will work closely with you or your travel agent to carefully prepare an itinerary based on your stated interests.

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